{ MR> I have started playing With Borland Turbo Pascal 7.0 and I have a
MR> problem. The Random routine is not the same as the one in TP 6.0.
MR> Using the same RandSeed, they generate different series of numbers.
MR> I have a couple of applications that depend upon the number series
MR> generated by the TP 6.0 version. Can anyone supply me With the
MR> algorithm used in the TP 6.0 Random routine? or maybe point me in
MR> the right direction? I want to Construct my own TP 7 Random routine
MR> that will behave as the one in TP 6.
The way both generators work is to update System.Randseed, then calculate the
new random value from that one. There have been several different ways to
calculate the value; I think TP 6 is different from TP 5.5, and TP 7 is
different again. The update algorithm has been pretty Constant.
As I recall, you can simulate the TP 6 Random(N) Function in TP 7 as follows:
}
Function TP6Random(N:Word):Word;
Var
junk : Word;
myrandseed : Record
lo, hi : Word
end Absolute system.randseed;
begin
junk := Random(0); { Update Randseed }
TP6Random := myrandseed.hi mod N;
end;
{
You might want to keep the following around in Case the update algorithm gets
changed sometime in the future:
Demonstration Program to show how the TP 6.0 random number generator
updates System.Randseed. Allows the seed to be cycled backwards. }
Procedure CycleRandseed(cycles:Integer);
{ For cycles > 0, mimics cycles calls to the TP random number generator.
For cycles < 0, backs it up the given number of calls. }
Var
i : Integer;
begin
if cycles > 0 then
For i := 1 to cycles do
system.randseed := system.randseed*134775813 + 1
else
For i := -1 downto cycles do
system.randseed := (system.randseed-1)*(-649090867);
end;
Var
i : Integer;
begin
randomize;
Writeln('Forwards:');
For i:=1 to 5 do
Writeln(random);
Writeln('Backwards:');
For i:=1 to 5 do
begin
CycleRandseed(-1); { Back to previous value }
Writeln(random); { Show it }
CycleRandseed(-1); { Back up over it again }
end;
end.